As important as our own information on acne, you can learn more from our customers’ experiences. You might hence recognise your own case in one of these testimonials. Acne Testimonials
More information about Acne
What is acne? Are there different types of spots/acne? Acne at the age of 14, adult acne, what are the solutions? All about acne and how to treat it. We offer you a comprehensive overview of existing solutions, from simple everyday gestures, to the treatment reserved for the most severe cases.
Any treatment has its own drawbacks, we have therefore pointed out the potential side effects of each treatment, to better inform you.
Seborrhea, hyperkeratosis, bacterial contamination, inflamed pimples, what are the causes and symptoms? Zinc, etinoids, laser, vitamin A or a natural alternative care?
All the answers to your questions…All Acne information
Frequently asked questions about Acne
What is acne? Can we cure acne? We have a detailed overview of acne and the current solutions against it... Frequently asked questions
Helpful hints against acne
Discover our hints and tips to fight acne and skin imperfections on a daily basis. What should you eat, or avoid eating when you have spots, which acne treatments correspond to you, how can you best take care of your skin, etc....? Tips and Hints
Combat Acne spots efficiently
Different definitions of different types of Acne,the causes of Acne. How to treat and look after your skin to get rid of Spots, blackheads, find a solution now. More infomation
Our Laboratories Specialists offer the Akno Natura range to fight acne spots and imperfections which is 100% natural, suitable for all ages and these treatments are most effective on mild to moderate Acne. Our natural ingredients are based on algae which includes the famous Phlorogine, world renown for its effectiveness against acne.
Furthermore we offer our customers a wealth of practical advice and attentive service to better respond to your questions: how to use our products, which results to expect on your imperfections or spots?
We believe in a sincere and honest discourse. As you will see below, severe Acne is usually hormonal. So, we will like to inform our customers that our products cannot resolve hormonal acne completely. However they contribute effectively to the reduction of the visible pimples and blackheads.
The definition of Acne
Acne is a disease which provokes greasy skin with small cysts, red pimples and white heads mostly to teenagers (85%) and on numerous people who continue to suffer from it in their adulthood (especially women).
The causes of Acne
Often originating from the family, Acne is associated with oily skin, it starts by obstructing the opening of our body hair follicles and the sebaceous gland, in turn producing a micro-blackhead, then a micro-cyst. This proliferate bacteria, releasing substances which causes inflammation and the appearance of pimples and white heads on the skin.
We thus recognise several essential factors in the development of acne spots:
-Excess production of sebum leads to greasy skin. This phenomenon is explained by the influence of male hormones (androgens). Fatty acids contained in the sebum causes spots and appearance of bacteria, this why a good hygiene is absolutely crucial in the treatment of Acne. Hence, being hygienic already allows eliminating a part of the causes of spots.
-Red pimples (papules)
-White heads (pustules)
-Big painful red pimples (nodules)
-If your parents have been suffering from Acne, you have a 45% chance of suffering this disease as well. On the contrary, if your parents were not hit by Acne, you have only an 8% bad chance of developing the Acne.
-If the Acne is influenced by male hormones, it is an interesting point to be noted that Acne is rarely provoked by the disorder or a disease of the glands. It is most probably relates to a hypersensitivity reaction of the sebaceous gland in the male hormones.
Acne is born anew when it is led by the passage of the maternal hormones in the blood of the newborn child, which is caused by the medicines intakes during motherhood(pills, cortisone and anti-epileptic) or of toxins.
Cosmetic professionals say that Acne is generated by the application of comedogenic creams (creams which block pores).
The symptoms of Acne
Acne shows itself essentially on the face(99%), on the back(70%) and at the level of the thorax(15%).
Acne of oily skin (hyperseborrhea : abnormal level of sebum discharge), symptoms:
-Acne lesions: they prevail in the middle of the face (forehead, nose,chin)or the T zone and can extend in the upper part of the back and the thorax.- Closed Comedones: small skin coloured bumps which develops when plugs of skin cell and oil gets trapped within the hair follicle.
-Open Comedones (blackheads): blackheads as we all know is the consequence of the process of an oxidation, the follicle with the air causes its black tint.
Inflammatory lesions in Acne
- Papules : red elevation of the skin
- Pustules : whiteheads which are apparent on inflamed papules
- Nodules : big red pimples which are slightly elevated on the skin and hurt
Cysts are inflamed patches of skin, they are much larger than papules and the breakouts of cysts are painful. They are treated by opening the pore, stretching and extracting if necessary.
But treatment against Acne turns out to be effective on several types of lesions.
The after-effects of Acne
-Temporary marks of acne:
Red spots: papules and whiteheads leave behind red marks which stay for a few months most often.
Brown spots: patients with dark or coloured skin frequently develop coloured spots which persist a few months after the disappearance of papules.
-Definitely acne scars: White spots: we often find these spots in numbers on less noticeable surfaces, like over the back or to the level of the thorax.
-Depressed scars of acne: these scars are sometimes wide but are not too deep, either rounded off or small, the scars look like a tiny ice pick punctured the skin.
-Scars after acne relief (keloids): these kind of scars overgrows hard pimples, where an injury has occurred and are more visible on the skin surface that is raised and very unsightly,like on the jaws, upper part of the back or the thorax.
Other infections often mistaken for Acne
Certain affections might resemble Acne and they are sometimes mistaken for Acne. The principal ones are quoted as follows:
Rosacea: it hits adults and provokes red pimples and whiteheads, and are identical to those observed during acne, but the red pimples come along with red blotchy skin (broken veins affected by rosacea, reddish or purplish discolouration of the skin: erythrosis).Our remedies constitute essential treatments for the Rosacea.
Folliculitis: known as the hot tub rash, the Folliculitis forms red pimples as well and whiteheads, which are the consequences of an infection in the hair follicles. Some prevail around the mouth (perioral dermatitis), and they can sometimes result from the side effect of the application of a cortisone cream.
The contamination of germs during shaving sometimes provokes bacterial folliculitis. It is often referred as acne of beard but long term antibiotic intakes can also be held responsible for what is called the acne of beard.
Pseudofolliculitis barbae also called the barber’s itch or razor bumps is frequently subjected to coloured people. They are translated by red rashes around embodied hairs of the beard. And again the Pseudofollicultis are talked about as acne of beard.
The treatments of Acne
Local treatment of acne
1. Treatment of retentional Acne lesions (microcysts)
Cleaning : Cleaning the skin is essential for acne treatment predominatly microcysts. Cleaning can be simple with good hygiene with Akno Natura Complex for example, or seek a dermatologist follow up when cysts are very pronounced
Retinoids : They fight against blackheads, this is the basis of the treatment for Acne because there always exist a blockage of the pilosebaceous follicles. They are essential in the care of cystic acnes.
It is tretinoin (Locacid®, Ketrel®, Retacnyl®, Effederm®), isotretinoin (Roaccutane gel®, antibiotrex®) and adapalene (Differin® gel and cream).
The treatment of Acne is often associated with retinoid benzoyl peroxide and/or a local or general antibiotic. Retinoids weaken the skin to sunlight. Many cons-indictations and warnings. Read more
Azelaic acid (Skinoren®) : azelaic acid is effective on retenional lesions but also in inflammatory lesions. It is applied twice a day, is moderately irritating, but less used in France because it is not supported by medical insurance.
Acidic Fruits : Creams with fruit acids (15%) can sometimes be associated with retinoids. Their application always provokes minor tingling for a short duration. The peels with glycolic acid (20-70%), sometimes, effectively complete facials. Treatment with fruit acids is a complementary cosmetic solution.
Preparation of resorcinol Salicylic Acid : these preparations react in sunlight. They are sometimes irreplaceable in patients who cannot tolerate local retinoids and are not recommended during pregnancy and lactation.
2. Treatment of inflammatory lesions (red spots)
Benzoyl Peroxide : Benzoyl Peroxide exists in soaps, creams and gel products. The concentrations of the products range from 2.5% to 10%. It is a little irritating, however often it discolours clothes permanently (like bleach)....
Local Antibiotics : We can use erythromycin (Eryfluid®, Stimycine®, Erythrogel®) in gel or lotion, or clindamycin (Dalacin T topic®). These products contain alcohol and/or propylene glycol which are irritants. Acne antibiotic treatment is sometimes associated with local retinoid and/or benzoyl peroxide.
Emitting diodes (LED)
Photodynamic therapy : the blue and red lights can be used in conjunction with a liquid photo-sensitiser (aminolevulinic acid delta) to treat inflammatory lesions of Acne. But it is not yet validated in France.
Zinc gluconate (Rubozinc®)
Its efficacy is modest and its usefulness is limited to mild acne, in addition to a local care.
Isotretinoin (roaccutane®, curacne®, procuta®, contracne®). Beware of side effects...Read more